魏氏中醫眼科百年傳承史(一)

魏氏中醫眼科的歷史地位

       建國前博興縣醫藥衛生情況瑣記 (王維寅)民間醫藥記載:共有四處提到魏氏中醫眼科;充分體現了魏氏中醫眼科在博興縣醫藥史上的崇高的地位及在廣大人民群眾心目中的位置。如文中說到“民國前,博興的中醫已發展有內、外、婦、痘、眼、正骨諸科。各科皆有代表人物,”其中眼科代表人物是“魏儒正字“端溪”暨其后裔”。另有論述曰:“醫學事業能在博興流傳與發展,主要靠以師帶徒和文人自修。由于醫療技術往往是醫生的謀生手段,因此醫生不愿把技術輕授他人,凡在技術有所專長醫術高明者都想嫡傳。所以,形成了許多中醫世家。如魏氏中醫眼科,賀家村張家婦科,都是知名度很高的中醫世家。”“當時許多不甘人下的儒生,通過自修,步入醫界。有的還成為醫林高手。魏氏中醫眼科鼻祖魏端溪、民國名醫郭善述現代醫生趙象文等都是如此成名的。”

       王維寅在本文藥鋪一論中提到“據1945年統計,有中西藥鋪46家。藥鋪的經營多為開業醫生兼理。出醫入藥,慘淡經營,有的經營長達百年。如辛安“松菊堂”(現魏氏中醫眼科)趙樓“潤生堂”等。”這里所說的“松菊堂”就是指魏氏中醫眼科。可見其歷史之久,名聲之大。

魏氏中醫眼科的傳承事跡(創始人)

       魏儒正字端溪(1847——1929)是魏氏中醫眼科的創始人,終年82歲,山東省博興縣中辛安人。少年讀私塾,中年在博興城北關候門教書。1891年仲秋,因其弟妹偶染目疾,四處求醫治療罔效,變作旋螺(角膜穿孔,虹膜脫出)雖遍訪名手,方多雷同。曾祖即購眼科書籍數種,朝夕展誦,終有所得。按癥投藥,年余復明。從此,他更加刻苦學習,認真研讀,醫學根底日漸深厚。近村鄰舍前來求治眼病者,與日俱增,曾祖父悲天憫人,來者不拒,而且要到病除,因而遠近傳頌,聲譽漸大。以致高青、桓臺、長山、無棣、利津、濱蒲等地來就診者,絡繹不絕。在他的遺作《眼科集要》中寧夏府通判截取縣知事荊士峨為其寫的序中曰:“……民國六年春,因病目往(揭),至,則其門如市,男婦老幼紛列滿堂,皆與我同病呼吁求救者也。”

       

       魏儒正臨癥四十余載。花甲年后,開始總結其臨床經驗。花費五六年的時間,著有現存的《眼科集要》四卷和診治雜病的《時疫三書》(此書現未查清存處)。他的遺作為后代繼承眼科奠定了堅實的基礎。

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